Other Eye Conditions

Below, you’ll find several other eye conditions. If you suspect you have one of these, please get in touch so we can advise on your next steps. 

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Other Eye Conditions 1
Other Eye Conditions 2

Subconjunctival haemorrhage

Subconjunctival haemorrhage (SCH) is a frequently occurring benign condition that causes a sudden onset bright red eye. Vision is not affected by SCH although the eye itself can feel bruised. The conjunctiva is the thin, transparent mucous membrane which covers the white (sclera) part of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelids. The conjunctiva contains fine blood vessels which are usually only just visible. With each blink, the upper eyelid glides over the conjunctiva in a well-lubricated eye but if the eyes are dry the conjunctiva can be bunched up and the blood vessels caught between the eyelids and break. Other causes of SCH include trauma or injury, vomiting, violent coughing or associated with antitreatment to thin the blood. SCH is uncommon but the frequency of SCH does increase over the age of 50 years and is associated with loss of flexibility of blood vessels with looser connective tissue beneath allowing easier spread and therefore larger haemorrhages to occur. Very rarely, SCH can be associated with vascular tumours of the conjunctiva or vascular abnormalities in and around the orbit. SCH will resolve completely without treatment but recurrent bleeds should be investigated. The use of lubricant eye drops or gels can often provide symptomatic relief whilst the haemorrhage clears. 

Animation: Causes of sub-conjunctival bleed


A chalazion or meibomium cyst is a small, hard, initially tender, pea sized lump that forms within a meibomium gland located within the tarsal plate of the upper or lower eyelid. There are between 20 and 50 meibomium glands in the upper and lower eyelids. The function of meibomium glands is to produce lipid to form the surface coat of the tear film, allow the tear film to spread evenly and delay tear film evaporation. Dysfunction of these glands leads to increased lipid viscosity and decreased lipid volume leading to obstruction of the gland and secondary infection. The infected area may point through the skin of the eyelid, the lid margin or the conjunctiva on the inside of the eyelid and drain naturally or may resolve with a combination of warm compresses and antibiotic or anti-inflammatory ointment. If these measures don’t lead to resolution, surgical intervention may required to drain the chalazion and this is performed as an out-patient procedure. A local anaesthetic is used to numb the eyelid, then the chalazion is drained from the inside of the eyelid, a patch is applied and a short course of antibiotic ointment prescribed to be used for the following few days.

Chalazia often accompany blepharitis (link to blepharitis section) and / or acne rosacea. First line treatment for blepharitis centres around effective lid hygiene measures using lid scrubs. Other treatments are described in more detail in the blepharitis section. 

Animation: Lids: Chalazion

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Miraculous - life changing procedure
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I attended a presentation at Nuffield Hospital, I was very impressed with the information available. I arranged an appointment with Mr Anderson, I was anxious and nervous as I was extremely short-sighted, Mr Anderson explained the procedure and answered all my questions patiently and fully, I felt at ease and had every confidence in him. I had cataract surgery on both eyes, within a week of each other. The results are instant, I was so emotional - I now have the best vision of my life!! I cannot thank Mr Anderson and his team enough, everyone was so kind and considerate. I will recommend Mr Anderson to anyone considering this procedure - do not delay.
A flawless cataract operation
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A very pleasant experience from beginning to end. Mr Anderson is very approachable whilst being extremely thorough. The rest of the staff were fantastic. They all made my cataract operation so easy. Thank you.
Extremely impressive professional…
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Extremely impressive professional experience from the initial consultation, to the surgery and post operative follow up. An absolute model in every respect for every health care professional to digest. The team atmosphere at Eastleigh Nuffield was brilliant from start to finish. Their team camaraderie is obvious and can’t be faked. My personal outcome is perfect. Many thanks to David and the Nuffield team. Peter Syred BDS (Sydney) LDS RCDSO (Toronto) FAGD (Chicago) MSc (Warwick) LLM (Cardiff)
Incredible care from beginning to end
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Incredible care from beginning to end! Mr Anderson was very sensitive to my extreme anxiety about the procedure being painful. I was pleasantly surprised to experience absolutely no pain at all. I would highly recommend Anderson eye care
A Goodman
Extreme axial myopia
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Mr Anderson has recently treated me for cataracts. The results are fantastic - I opted for a multifocal lens in one eye and a single vision lens in the other. This means I don't need glasses unless printed text is very small or I need the thread a needle! As well as being naturally extremely short sighted, I have an astigmatism in both eyes which apparently makes me a complex case. Mr Anderson helped me make the right choices for my lifestyle and I couldn't be happier with the results I can read standard text and work at a computer without glasses, my distance and night sight are great and I don't have any haloing. My lens choices may not be appropriate for everyone but I wouldn’t hesitate to recommend Mr Anderson to anyone considering eye surgery – he explains options thoroughly and provides first rate care and expertise at all stages of the process.
I would give 6 stars if I could.
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I had my first cataract op in Mar, for which I left a 5* review. 4 weeks ago it was the turn of the other eye and, as I discovered in my post op consultation, my vision is now better than 20/20. I cannot speak too highly of David Anderson as he explains the intricacies, allows time for discussion, is an excellent surgeon and caps it all by being thoroughly personable throughout the process. I would give 6 stars if I could!
Definitely Recommend
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I could not have asked for anything better from the initial consultation to the cataract procedures. Mr Anderson took time to explain the reasons behind my diminished eyesight and explained the procedure to rectify the cataracts to me and on the day of the procedure kindly went over everything again. All the staff on his team were wonderful and helped to put me at my ease and were all very kind and lovely. I would not have any hesitation in recommending Mr Anderson to anyone. It was just wonderful to get my eyesight back, so a big thank you to all involved.
I now have 20/20 vision
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I now have 20/20 vision, having had two cataract operations, both totally painless. I could not recommend Mr Anderson highly enough and I was very reassured by the kindness of the nurses at the Nuffield, and the professionalism of all the staff. I was offered sedation, which was very welcome as I was somewhat nervous, and the aftercare was very thorough. I can honestly say that I could not make a single complaint about anything: the care was amazing.

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